What Do You Know about “Hard Water”?

What is ‘Hard Water’?

People have probably asked, what is hard water? Actually, all water have some dissolved minerals, especially calcium, and magnesium, except for carefully distilled water. Hard water is water with a high dissolved mineral concentrate, while soft water has a relatively low content of dissolved minerals.

Pure water – tasteless, odorless, and colorless— is usually called the universal solvent. How about rainwater? It is naturally soft, especially which falls on hard rock, but since it passes through chalk and limestone in the earth, it dissolves the minerals.

what is hard water

Hard water source

Is Hard Water Harmful to Our Health?

Hard water is actually not harmful to our health, although there is still a pros and cons of drinking it. A large portion of the population throughout the world, is drinking water that is characterized as hard. How about the hardness of the supply of water to your home? It depends on where you live and the source of the primary water supply (ground or river water).

Hard water is not generally a health risk. However, high concentrations of minerals can be a nuisance, especially in household water. Water is a good solvent, and it easily mingles with the substances or elements it comes into contact with. Water that moves through soil and rock, dissolves the most common minerals in household water, calcium, and magnesium, that make the water ‘hard’.

Pros and Cons Drinking Hard Water

What is hard water pros and cons? The health issues of hard water are principally due to the effects of the high calcium and magnesium dissolved in it. In fact, WHO says that hard drinking water, specifically very hard water, could supply an important contribution of calcium and magnesium to the diet.

So these are the pros and cons regarding the hard water health issues:

The pros:
● The intake of calcium ions along with magnesium traces from the water, are requisite in the modern diet. This extensive ingestions of calcium and magnesium can actually supply the recommended daily allowance of the minerals.
● Hard water has been proven to be profitable in preventing cardiovascular disease in men by contributing some minerals, not found in soft water
● Depending on the degree of the water hardness, many people examine it to have a more enjoyable taste than soft water.

The cons:
● The biggest con to drinking hard water is still the scale accumulation of minerals inside of the pipes.
● Rust colored that may appear in hard water is also a con, as it is often unappealing for the first time hard water drinkers.
● One common con that affects many people is some hard water has a strong mineral smell. This is one of the main reasons that many homeowners decide to install a water-softening system.
● According to some researches, eczema in children has a correlation with drinking hard water.

So hard water benefits are actually overshadowed by issues concerning the safety of drinking high mineral water. With a large portion of the grown world’s population being dependent on hard water supplies, there would be no assuring evidence to submit any link between hard water and health concerns.

Hard Water Problems

Thus, what is hard water problems? Hard water can be disturbing since it can raise problems for our home appliances. The increase in the minerals concentrate can cause hazardous problems for them. You can see the following problems:

Dishwashers:
● Hard water may cause filming and spotting on your dishes. It can be disturbing to clean and decrease the quality of your crockery.

Bathroom:
● Spots on shower doors
● Rings in bathtubs
● Soap scum in bathtubs and sinks.

Bathing
● Skin infections from bacteria. A film leaves while bathing with soap in hard water, can prevent bacteria and soil removal.
● Due to soap curd, hair may be lifeless, dull, and hard to manage.

Laundering
● Decreased foaming and cleaning capabilities of detergents and soaps.
● Dingy and scratchy clothes with soapy residues that difficult to remove. It can shorten the life of clothes and damage fibers in long term use.
Pipework and Water Boiler Systems
● Clogged pipes with scale that disturbed water flow and need pipe replacement.
● Inefficiency of water using appliances and contribute to the increased water heating costs from a scale of minerals.

Hard Water Treatment and Solutions to Minimize The Effects

When your water is found to be hard, there are a few solutions available for you.

● If hardness is a consistent problem, water can be filtered to remove minerals before it goes to your household pipes. This is an expensive approach.
● Use water softeners, chemicals that help to take the dissolved minerals out. This will end up in cost savings in maintenance of your home appliances, protect your skin with zero limescale, and get clean bathrooms and floors.
● Use special formulated detergent and design shower products like soaps and shampoos for hard water, to remove mineral buildup.
● Remove the minerals buildup in your pipes and appliances on a regular basis.
● Reduce the temperature of your boiler water to minimize mineral deposits in your home appliances and pipes.

Finally, after reading this article, hopefully you will understand better what is hard water actually and the issues surrounding it.

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Source;
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-hard-water.htm#didyouknowout
http://www.ewtechnologies.co.uk/what-is-hard-water-and-what-causes-limescale
http://www.hardwater.org/
http://extoxnet.orst.edu/faqs/safedrink/hard.htm

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